21st Century Competency Requirements In Education
In a well-organized education system, a student must have the majority of qualities listed below acquired before going to university. If they are missing, the student has adaptation problems and sometimes results in major changes or university dropouts. This is a large loss on behalf of the student. Thus, a school missing a talent acquisition program in its curriculum will leave the student with a deficient education.
The 21st competency requirements are highly emphasized in the SLA EDUCATION MODEL, they are first trained, then transformed into a lifestyle. The goal is to be more knowledgeable, spend more time, convince the student, and provide resources regarding these requirements. In this scope, all shareholders must contribute. Since “21st century literacy” and “leadership-entrepreneurship” education also require a systematic transfer of theoretical knowledge, these subjects are taught as separate courses. It is also supported by the “educator’s training” program to make the program scalable and sustainable.
The stated second group competencies are aimed to be brought to the highest level with the “21st-century literacy” and “leadership-entrepreneurship” classes integrated into our curriculum. As follows;
- Teach the kids how to read alone, rather than teach them how to read
- Speaking less during the lecturing and leaving room for thought for students and providing opportunities for them to express their thoughts in class and on paper.
- Providing real-life examples in concept teaching
- Push the child to do critical thinking with reading, writing, and listening applications.
- When thinking about a topic, doing it in front of the students in a loud manner, allowing them to follow the thought process.
- Commenting on topics in constant dialogue with the student
- Debating what one student gained from the question of another student
- Providing concrete examples especially when explaining abstract concepts.
A.Leadership and Responsibility Education
Leadership begins with self-leading.
When the universe was created, no creature was left without a leader. In non-human creatures, the ability to lead, or be loyal to a leader is not taught, but it is integrated with their biological nature. However, since the human was created as a creature with free-will, leadership and the ability to obey must be taught and trained. When a group gets together, a leader is necessary to avoid conflict and solve problems. A leader is necessary to collect everyone thoughts and express a collective idea. A leader is needed as a representative to present the ideas. Thus, an organization needs a leader to represent and manage.
It is commonly questioned whether everyone can be a leader or not. Is a person born a leader, or does a person become a leader? In leadership, the most prominent feature is logical vision intelligence that comes at birth. Everyone can develop this intelligence at a certain level. However, individuals that have this type of intelligence become leaders with the education and training. Leadership intelligence can be developed in everyone’s own field and can become a leader in his/her work or social environment. A lack of leadership education not only causes trouble for the individual but also society.
In the SLA EDUCATION MODEL the definition, characteristics, education, and training of leadership is done at an early age. Every class gives priority to leadership skills in addition to the content. Thus, projects with writing, reading, listening, group work, problem-solving, and presenting are emphasized to develop the child’s skills. Institutions like “Student Government” “Student Congress” “Student Court” and “Student UN” are active within the school. Students join these organizations and develop their leadership skills. Social activities and clubs are promoted and supported at SLA.
B. Entrepreneurship Education
According to Jeffrey Timmons at Babson College, the definition of entrepreneurship is:
- Entrepreneurship is to compose something out of nothing
- Does not only watch, analyze, or manage an organization, but forms, initiates, and succeeds in one
- To find opportunity in chaos and disorder
- The ability to form an “organizer team” that completes his/her skills and abilities
- To find, organize and control resources, (mostly from outside sources) and to be without pay when needed the most
- Finally, it is both about asking for personal and financially calculated risks and then turning everything to his/her own benefit
The entrepreneur wants to be in an environment where he/she can make his/her thoughts into a reality. He/she looks around with a critical eye, asks questions. He/she creates a team to work together, to have the right timing, to form an institution, to develop a business idea, to sign, to plan, to be successful, to make others happy, and to make a difference.
This is the life story of an entrepreneur! The role of the educator is to reveal the entrepreneurship skills in the child and help him/her find him/herself.
Humanity will always need doctors, lawyers, and accountants. However, in the future humanity will need entrepreneurs. Thus, the SLA EDUCATION MODEL supports students that say “I will become an entrepreneur!” from a young age with three main factors; skill, courage, and knowledge. With the right preparation, the idea that entrepreneurship is a lifestyle is kept alive from the elementary years and a class is called “entrepreneurship” is offered in the following years.
C. 21st Century Skills
First group: Literacy.
- Health literacy
- Environment literacy
- Knowledge literacy
- Citizen literacy
- Media literacy
- Information technology literacy
Second Group: Social competence
- Communication and cooperation
- Global conscious
- Critical thinking and problem solving
- Flexibility and adaptability
- Take initiative and self-leadership
- Social and intercultural competencies
- Productivity and able to answer to someone
- Leadership and responsibility
- Entrepreneurship and management